A350 first flight. Low pass

Airbus A350 Specs

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Airbus A350 XWB Specifications.

Building on technologies from the Airbus A380, the Airbus A350 XWB has the same fly by wire technology as well as a similar cockpit layout to the Super Jumbo. The use of new materials and manufacturing methodology produces in the region of a 10% reduction in maintenance costs as well as a 14% reduction in empty weight per seat compared to competitors.

To put things in perspective the use of modern materials between the Airbus A350 XWB and its most similar competitor, the Boeing 787 read as follows:

Material AIRBUS A350-XWB BOEING 787
Composites
53%
50%
Aluminium, Aluminium-Lithium (Alu-Li)
19%
20%
Titanium
14%
15%
Steel
6%
10%
Miscellaneous
8%
5%

The new design makes it possible to pressurise the cabin to the equivalent of pressure found at


..cabin pressure is maintained at the equivalent of 6,000 feet with 20 percent humidity….


6,000 feet (1,800 metres), with humidity at 20%. The new airflow system is able to adapt to passenger numbers and adjusts accordingly with a draught free flow.

The fuselage has a constant diameter from door 1 to door 4 thereby not only maximising space available inside the aircraft but standardising all doors so that not so many spare parts have to be carried. The fuselage, as the designator XWB (Extra Wide Body) would indicate, is remarkable in that it is wider than both the A330 and A340 models. The A350 XWB has an external cabin width of 5.97 metres (19.6 feet) against the A330/A340 at 5.64 metres (18.5 feet).


The redesigned wing is the largest for a wide body single deck aircraft.


The redesigned wing is the largest for a wide body single deck aircraft. The wing is common to all three variants measuring 443 square metres (4,770 square feet). The wing sweep is 31.9 degrees for a span of 64.8 metres (213 feet) which is the same as Boeing 777-200LR / 777-300ER, although the Boeing aircraft have slightly less area. Gone are the traditional Airbus wingtip fences, to be replaced with a sabre like point taking up the outer 4.4 meters (14 feet) of the wing. The high-lift trailing edge of the wing uses the same hinge system as the A380 with spoilers covering the gap created when flaps are extended. The new wing design allows a cruising speed of mach .85 with a maximum operating speed of mach .89.

The nose section uses a similar design criterion to the Airbus A380, offering improved aerodynamics. The nose wheel is forward swinging as does the Airbus A380. The shape of the forward section allows a crew rest area to be placed further forward above the cabin ceiling which reduces its encroachment on the passenger cabin space. A trade-off study was conducted to determine the best construction material for the forward section. Composite materials would have been an obvious choice due to weight benefits, however, extra strength is required to allow for bird strikes and if composites were employed then extra titanium would be required to bolster the strength. Aluminium is being used.

Airbus-A350-water-test

Airbus A350 wet runway water tests.




Instead of the traditional 4 flight deck windows, A350 XWB has 6 giving not only a wider field of vision but also with the spread of the load carried by the window posts the centre post can be thinner improving forward vision.

The A350 XWB cockpit carries 6 LCD screens of a 38cm (15in) diameter. Two are located in the centre of the panel one above the other above the thrust levers. Each pilot has their own primary, flight and navigation panels. The system is designed to allow for the addition of new technology as it comes in the future.


Pilots also benefit from a Head Up display (HUD)


Pilots also benefit from a Head Up display (HUD), where primary information is projected onto a clear screen in their forward line of sight much like fighter pilots so that they never have to take their eyes off the outside world.

The Integrated Modular Avionics (IMA) found on the A380 have been improved upon with the system handling 40 functions against the A380s 23. These include functions such as; Undercarriage, air systems, pneumatics and fuel. The benefits, of course, will be weight reduction as fewer processors are required on board, as well as a more stable system running a 100 Megabit per second network.

There are two Trent XWB engines to provide power to the A350 XWB variants. Details can be found in the table further down this page.

Advanced technology gained on the creation of the Trent 900 for the A380 and Trent 1000 for the Boeing 787 will obviously benefit the A350 XWB. In addition, the advances in noise dampening ensure that A350 XWB has the state of the art solutions.

Airbus have adopted a three-prong main landing gear configuration with the two main prongs attached to the rear wing spar forward and to a gear beam to the rear which is itself attached to the wing and fuselage. The use of composite materials in the wing construction requires a more even distribution of weight. The main gear will come in four and six wheel bogies. Four for the -800 and -900 variants and six for the heavier longer range -1000 and also the -900r being proposed for British Airways to enable a London to Sydney non-stop type range.

As already mentioned, there are three variants of the Airbus A350 XWB. Some important points to note about these are:

Airbus A350 Specifications by model or variant.

A350-800
Airbus A350 group of aircraft featuring A350-800

A350-900
Airbus A350 group of aircraft featuring A350-900

A350-1000
Airbus A350 group of aircraft featuring A350-1000

Range 15,700Km (8,300NM) 15,000Km (8,100NM) 15,600Km (8,400NM)
Seating (Typical) 270 314 350
Replaces Current Model A330-200 A340-300 A340-600
Listed Airbus A350 Price US$269.5 Million US$304.8 Million US$351.9 Million
Competes against Boeing 787-9 Boeing 777-200ER Boeing 777-300ER
Length 60.54 Metres 66.89 Metres 73.88 Metres
Wing span 64.75 Metres 64.75 Metres 64.75 Metres
Height 17.10 Metres 17.10 Metres 17.10 Metres
Fuselage Width (Exterior) 5.96 Metres 5.96 Metres 5.96 Metres
Cabin width (Interior) 5.61 Metres 5.61 Metres 5.61 Metres
Track 10.60 Metres 10.60 Metres 10.70 Metres
Wheelbase 24.86 Metres 28.67 Metres 33.10 Metres
Freight (underfloor) LD3 28 36 44
Freight (underfloor) Pallets 9 11 14
Freight (underfloor) Bulk 11.3 Cubic Metres 11.3 Cubic Metres 11.3 Cubic Metres
Freight (underfloor) Total 136.6 Cubic Metres 172.3 Cubic Metres 208.1 Cubic Metres
Maximum Operating Speed Mach 0.89 Mach 0.89 Mach 0.89
Maximum Ramp Weight 248.9 tonnes 268.9 tonnes 308.9 tonnes
Maximum Take off Weight 248.0 tonnes 268.0 tonnes 308.0 tonnes
Maximum Landing Weight 190.0 tonnes 205.0 tonnes 233.0 tonnes
Maximum Zero Fuel Weight 178.0 tonnes 192.0 tonnes 220.0 tonnes
Maximum Fuel Capacity 138,000 Litres 138,000 Litres 156,000 Litres
Engines – Rolls Royce Trent XWB RR Trent XWB 337kN (74,000 LBF) RR Trent XWB 374kN (83,000 LBF) RR Trent XWB 432kN (97,000 LBF)
Average unit price in USD millions. 260.9 295.2 340.7

If there is more you want to learn about this airliner, please visit: A350 XWB Home, A350 XWB Interior, A350 XWB Assembly, A350 XWB Order Book and A350 XWB History.

If you have flown on an Airbus A350 service, we would love to hear from you about your thoughts and experience.  Furthermore, if you managed to take any Airbus A350 pictures and you want to share them, feel free to add them to our photo album by clicking here.

We welcome your comments below, is there more we could be showing or are there topics you would like to see? Thank you.

If you like us, please share with your followers.

3 thoughts on “Airbus A350 Specs

  1. Pingback: Airbus A350 Service - Modern Airliners

    1. Pisquali

      Hi Lech,

      thank you so much for spotting the mistake. I have now updated this to reflect a common wing span of 64.75M for all variants.

      Thanks for stopping by and taking the time to comment.

      Regards Peter

      Reply

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