Airbus A340 Specs

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A340 Specifications

The Airbus A340 aircraft is a low-wing four-engined jet airliner developed and assembled by Airbus Industrie.  The A340 was developed alongside the twin-engined A330, as discussed on our A340 history page, Both the A330, A340 200 and A340 300 share the same wide body fuselage and wing design.  The A340 500 and A340 600 which were developed later had a larger wing as they were designed for long non-stop flight routes. Coming in four models of varying fuselage length, the A340 was developed for long distance flight at a time when the long distance twin jets of today were yet to make their mark.  The variants numbered as; A340 200, A340 300, A340 500 and the A340 600 as shown in the table below all shared a common airframe with slight differences between them.


The A340 200 was the only model to have its wing-span greater than its’ fuselage length.


The A340 200 was the only model to have its wingspan greater than its’ fuselage length.

Air Canada Airbus A340-313X

Air Canada Airbus A340-313X

The wings of the A340, like the A330, look long and narrow.  Almost flimsy looking  it gives both aircraft a look of grace.   Aside from the aesthetics, which no doubt have little to do with the final design, the long narrow wings have a high aspect ratio making them very efficient in giving lift and allowing a high maximum speed of Mach 0.86.  The high thickness to cord ratio of 12.8 percent means that the thickness of the wing at it’s thickest point at any place along it length is 12.8 percent of the distance from the front of the wing to the rear of the wing at any given point.  Compared to other aircraft this is quite high and allows for more strength to be built into the wing as well as more space for fuel.

The A340 500 and A340 600 were developed to be long range high capacity airliners.  Particularly the A340 500IGW (Increased Gross Weight) and the A340 600HGW(High Gross Weight) models.  Other than their longer fuselages, compared to the A340 200 and A340 300, they were also distinguishable by their four-wheeled under fuselage centre wheel bogie.  The A340 200 and A340 300 had a standard tricycle undercarriage with a 2 wheeled bogie under the nose, a 4 wheeled bogie under each wing and an additional 2 wheeled bogie under the fuselage almost in line with the main under-wing bogies.  The A340 500 and A340 600 sported the same centre under fuselage bogie but with 4 wheels instead of 2.  This was to support the significantly higher weights that these two aircraft were capable of lifting.


Much of this weight, however, was of course, fuel


Much of this weight, however, was of course, fuel for some of the extremely long routes these aircraft flew.  At the time of the doubling of fuel prices in 2008, the Chief Executive of Air France – KLM was reported to have described the A340 500 as a flying tanker with a few people on board.

Check our table of A340 specs below.

Airbus_A340-300_Swiss_International_Air_Lines

An Airbus A340 300 of Swiss International Air Lines taking off.

Airbus A340 Specifications Table

Airbus A340 200A340 200 AIRBUS A340 300A340 300 AIRBUS A340 500A340 500 AIRBUS A340 600A340 600
Range (fully laden)  8,000nm (15,000Km)  7,400nm (13,700Km)  8,670nm (16,060) IGW: 9,000nm (17,000Km)  7,750nm (14,350Km)        HGW: 7,900nm (14,600Km)
Seating (Typical)  240 (3 class)        300 (2 class)  295 (3 class)        335 (2 class)  313 (3 class)        359 (2 class)  380 (3 class)        419 (2 class)
Competes against  Boeing 767-400ER  Boeing 777-200ER  Boeing 777-200LR  Boeing 777-300ER
Length  59.39 m (194 ft 10 in)  63.60 m (208 ft 8 in)  67.90 m (222 ft 9 in)  75.30 m (247 ft 1 in)
Wing span  60.30 m (197 ft 10 in)  63.45 m (208 ft 2 in)
Wing Area  361.6 sq m (3,892 sq ft) 439.4 sq m (4,730 sq ft)
Wing Sweep Back 30 Degrees 31.1 Degrees
Height (top of tail)  16.70 m (54 ft 9 in)  16.85 m (55 ft 3 in)  17.10 m (56 ft 1 in)  17.30 m (56 ft 9 in)
Fuselage Width (Exterior)  5.64 m (18 ft 6 in)
Cabin width (Interior)  5.28 m (17 ft 4 in)
 Freight Volume  162.8 cu m (5,750 cu ft)  162.8 cu m (5,750 cu ft)  153.9 cu m (5,430 cu ft)  207.6 cu m (7,330 cu ft)
Undercarriage  12 wheels.
Nose Bogey – 2 wheels,
Main Under Wing Bogey 4 wheels x 2,
Centre Under Fuselage Bogey 2 wheels
 14 wheels.
Nose Bogey – 2 wheels,
Main Under  Wing Bogey 4 wheels x 2,
Centre Under Fuselage Bogey 4 wheels 
Wheel Track  10.69 m  10.69 m  10.69 m  10.69 m
Wheel Base  23.24 m  25.6 m  27.59 m  32.89 m
Freight (underfloor) LD3  32  32  30  42
Freight (underfloor) Pallets  11  11  10  14
Freight (underfloor) Bulk  19.72 cu m  19.7 cu m  19.7 cu m  19.7 cu m
Freight (underfloor) Total  162.8 cu m  162.8 cu m  153.9 cu m  207.6 cu m
Typical Operating Empty Weight  129,000 kg (284,000 lb)  130,200 kg (287,000 lb)  170,900 kg (376,800 lb)
IGW: 174,800 kg(385,400 lb)
 177,800 kg(392,000 lb)
HGW: 181,900 kg(401,000 lb)
Cruising Speed  Mach 0.82 (871 kph / 470 kts at 11,000 m/36,000 ft) Mach 0.83 (881 kph / 476 kts at 11,000 m/36,000 ft) 
Maximum Operating Speed  Mach 0.86 (913 kph / 493 kts at 11,000 m/36,000 ft)
Maximum Ramp Weight  275,000 kg  275,900 kg  373,200 kg  369,200 kg
Maximum Take off Weight  275,000 kg (606,000 lb)  276,500 kg (609,600 lb)  372,000 kg (820,000 lb)
IGW: 380,000 kg (840,000 lb)
 368,000 kg (811,000 lb)
HGW: 380,000 kg (840,000 lb)
Take off distance at Maximum Take off weight at sea-level ISA  2,990 m (9,810 ft)   3,100 m (10,200 ft)  3,050 m (10,010 ft)  3,100 m (10,200 ft)
Service Ceiling  12,500 m (41,000 ft)
Maximum Fuel Capacity  155,040 litres (34,100 imp gal; 40,960 US gal)  147,850 litres (32,520 imp gal; 39,060 US gal)  214,810 litres (47,250 imp gal; 56,750 US gal)
IGW: 222,000 litres (49,000 imp gal; 59,000 US gal)
 195,880 litres (43,090 imp gal; 51,750 US gal)
HGW: 204,500 litres (45,000 imp gal; 54,000 US gal)
Engines   4 x CFM56-5C  4 x RR Trent 500
Flight Crew 2
Price per aircraft at time of production. US$87 Million US$238.0 million US$261.8 million US$275.4 million
Airbus A340 200A340 200 AIRBUS A340 300A340 300 AIRBUS A340 500A340 500 AIRBUS A340 600A340 600

If there is more you want to learn about this airliner, please visit; Airbus A340 Home, Airbus A340 Assembly, Airbus A340 Order Book and Airbus A340 History.
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